A short History surrounding the RMS Titanic

Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding is founded in Belfast, Ireland.

Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding in Belfast

The unprofitable White Star Line is purchased by Thomas Henry Ismay and Sir Edward Harland.

Thomas Ismay's eldest son, J. Bruce Ismay is made a partner of the White Star line. One year later Thomas Ismay retires.

The American author Morgan Robertson (1861 - 1915) publishes the short fictional novel "Futility" in which a British passenger liner called the 'Titan' hits an iceberg and sinks on her maiden voyage without enough lifeboats in the month of April in the North Atlantic.

Drawing of the 'Titan' sinking

The fictional ship is eerily similar to the yet-to-be conceived Titanic in size, speed, equipment, numbers of passengers (both rich and poor), and those lost.
Both ships were British and sailed in April with a top speed of 24-25 knots. They had the same passenger and crew capacity of 3,000 but sailed with a little over 2,000. Also they were between 800 and 900 feet long and driven with triple propellers. Each also sank 95 miles south of the banks of Greenland.
Here's the most astonishing fact: both ships sank after being pierced by an iceberg on their starboard side.!.!.!

The White Star Line is taken over by International Mercantile Marine Company founded by J. Pierpoint Morgan. The purchase price is £10,000,000. J. Bruce Ismay stays on to eventually become the managing director of the White Star Line.

International Mercantile Marine Company stock certificate

On a summer night in 1907, a dream to build the most fantastic ships ever conceived was started in London by J. Bruce Ismay, the Managing Director of the White Star Line, and Lord James Pirrie (a partner in the firm of Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding - the giant Belfast shipbuilder that built all the White Star Line vessels) during a dinner party. They planned to build the luxury ship Titanic and the 'Olympic'. A third one, the 'Gigantic' (renamed 'Britannic'), to be built later. Cost of each ship £1,500,000.

J. Bruce Ismay and Lord James Pirrie

March 31st:
The construction of the Titanic (keel number 401, official built number 131428) begins in Belfast, Ireland by Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding. The Titanic's principal designer was Alexander M. Carlisle. He retired in 1909 and was succeeded by Thomas Andrews.

Construction Titanic's bow

October 20th:
The 'Olympic', the first of three enormous vessels in the "Olympic Class" and Titanic's sister ship, was successfully launched. After final construction, she began her maiden voyage in June, 1911. Before the completion of the Titanic, she was the largest ship in the world and, later, regained that title until the construction of the German ship 'Imperator'.

May 31st:
The launch of the Titanic.
12.05 p.m.: Two rockets were fired followed by a third rocket five minutes later.
12.13 p.m.: The hull of a ship that was to become the most known ship in the world gracefully started moving under her own weight down the slipway. Twenty-two tons of tallow, soap, and train oil are used to grease the slipway bed to coat and protect against the enormous three-tons-per-square-inch pressure of the freshly painted hull. She travelled nearly twice her 900 foot length at achieved twelve knots before being brought to a halt by six anchor chains and two piles of cable drag chains, each chain weighing eighty pounds. The launch lasted only sixty two seconds and was watched by over 100,000 spectators.

The launch of the Titanic

Shipyard worker James Dobbins, age 43, had his legs pinned by a support he was cutting. His friends dragged him to safety and he was taken to Belfast Royal Victoria Hospital where he died the next day of contusions and shock.
The Titanic is being towed by tugs to the fitting-out basin. Ten months of fitting out follow.

First projected date agreed on by White Star Line and Harland & Wolff for Titanic's maiden voyage - March 20th, 1912.

September 20th:
The 'Olympic' - Titanic's sister ship, outbound from Southampton (with Captain Edward John Smith who would later captain the Titanic), has a major collision with the H.M.S. 'Hawke', a British Royal Navy cruiser. Repairs made back at Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding delay the fitting out of the Titanic one month due to necessary diversion of workers and materials to repair the 'Olympic'.

The HMS 'Hawke'

October 11th:
White Star Line officially announces new date for Titanic's maiden voyage in the London Times - April 10th, 1912.

Sixteen wooden lifeboats are installed aboard the Titanic under "Welin quadrant" davits (designed to handle two or three lifeboats).
Titanic's principal designer, Alexander M. Carlisle (who was no longer in the employ of Harland & Wolff Shipbuilding) had suggested davits capable of carrying more boats, but presented it as an economy measure, and not in the interests of increased safety. Outdated British Board of Trade regulations mean that Titanic's 20 lifeboats (including four "collapsible" canvas-sided lifeboats) actually exceed requirements by ten percent capacity.

Titanic's Boat-Deck with her lifeboats

March 31st:
The outfitting of the Titanic is completed. She emerged from the fitting-out basin with the most luxurious fittings of any ship ever built.

The Titanic in the fitting-out basin

April 1st:
Titanic's sea trials are delayed due to high winds.

April 2nd:
6.00 a.m.: Sea trials begin. The Titanic assisted by two tugs sails through Victoria Channel to Belfast Lough. All equipment tested, including wireless. Speed and handling trials undertaken, including various turning and stop-start maneuvers. Major stopping test conducted: runs full ahead at 20 knots and then stops full astern.
2.00 p.m.: Running test conducted. She travels for about two hours (about 40 miles) out into the open Irish Sea at an average speed of 18 knots, and then returns in two hours to Belfast. All tests meet Board of Trade standards. Trials have lasted less than a day.
8.00 p.m.: The Titanic leaves Belfast (under Captain Bartlett) for overnight trip to Southampton, her port of embarkation (about 570 miles).

Captain Charles A. Bartlett

April 3rd:
The Titanic arrives in the port of Southampton just after midnight to begin provisioning and staffing for maiden voyage.

April 5th:
The Titanic is "dressed" in panoply of flags and pennants for a salute to the people of Southampton. This is the only occasion she is ever "dressed".

The Titanic "dressed" in panoply of flags and pennants

April 6th:
Recruitment day for remainder, and majority, of crew. General cargo begins to arrive. The final total cargo includes 559 tons and 11,524 separate pieces. As well an additional 5,892 tons of coal are loaded on board.

April 8th:
Fresh food supplies taken on board. All final preparations overseen by the ship's designer Thomas Andrews down to the tiniest detail.

April 10th:
Sailing Day.

7.30 a.m.: Captain Edward John Smith boards the Titanic with full crew. The Officers have spent the night on board. Captain Smith receives sailing report from Chief Officer Wilde.

Back row, Left to Right: Chief Purser Herbert McElroy, Fourth Officer Joseph Grove Boxhall, Sixth Officer James Pell Moody, Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe, Third Officer Herbert John Pitman.
Front row, Left to Right: Second Officer Charles Herbert Lightoller, Chief Officer Henry Tingle Wilde, Captain Edward John Smith, First Officer William McMaster Murdoch.

8.00 a.m.: Entire crew mustered, followed by brief lifeboat drill using only two starboard boats, No's 11 and 15.

Crew members attending lifeboat drill

Mail is taken aboard the Titanic.
9.30 a.m. - 11.00 a.m.: The Second and Third-Class boat-trains arrive at the dockside.
The Second-Class passengers and Third-Class passengers or "Steerage" board ship.
11.00 a.m. - 11.30 a.m.: Arrival of the First-Class boat-train from London at the dockside.
The First-Class passengers board ship and are escorted to their cabins.

The boat-train leaving Waterloo Station for the Southampton docks

Noon: The Titanic casts off and begins her maiden voyage. She has a near miss with the steamer 'New York' caused by the suction of Titanic's enormous displacement.

The tug 'Vulcan' pulling the 'New York' back after the latter
almost struck the Titanic as she departed Southampton

1.00 p.m.: The Titanic sails down the English Channel for Cherbourg, France.
4.00 p.m.: Late arrival announced in Cherbourg.
5.30 p.m.: Passengers board tenders and wait for the Titanic to arrive.
6.30 p.m.: The Titanic rides at anchor in Cherbourg, France.

8.10 p.m.: The Titanic leaves for Queenstown, Ireland

April 11th:
Various practice turns are being tested during the morning.
11.30 a.m.: The Titanic arrives at Queenstown.
1.30 p.m.: Anchored off of Roche's Point, Queenstown, Ireland, Francis Browne, a Jesuit seminarian, disembarks and takes the last known photograph of the Titanic for the next 73 years. The Titanic would sail into history, leaving in her wake a trail of tragedy, mystery, intrigue and fascination by millions. The Titanic leaves Queenstown for New York.

The last known photograph taken of the Titanic afloat

April 11th - 12th:
The Titanic sails through calm waters and covers 386 miles.

April 12th - 13th:
The Titanic sails through calm waters and covers 519 miles.
Ice warning are received from the steamer 'Rappahannock'.

April 13th:
1.00 p.m.: The Chief Engineer Joseph Bell reports the coal fire in boiler room #6, coal bunker #10 (which already had started in Southampton).
3.00 p.m.: Captain Smith and Bruce Ismay discuss the voyage.

April 14th:

Several ice warnings are received during the day. Reports come in from the 'Noordamm', 'Caronia', 'Baltic', 'Amerika', 'Californian' and 'Mesaba'.
10.30 a.m.: Church service is being held in the First-Class dining saloon.
10.00 p.m.: Second officer Lightoller relieved on bridge by First officer Murdoch. Lookouts in crow's nest relieved. Warning to watch for icebergs passed between the watches. Temperature is 32º F, sky cloudless, air clear.
11.39 p.m.: The Titanic is steaming at 20.5 knots. Suddenly, the lookouts, Fredrick Fleet and Reginald Robinson Lee, see an iceberg dead ahead about 500 yards away towering some 55-60 feet above the water. They immediately sound the warning bell with three sharp rings and telephone the bridge: "Iceberg right ahead." Sixth officer Moody on the bridge acknowledges warning, relays message to First officer Murdoch who instinctively calls "hard-a-starboard" to helmsman Hichens and orders the engine room to stop the engines and then orders full astern.

The wheelhouse on Titanic's bridge

Murdoch then activates the lever to close all watertight doors below the waterline. The helmsman spins the wheel as far as it will go. After several seconds, the Titanic begins to veer to port, but the iceberg strikes starboard bow side and brushes along the side of the ship and passes by into the night. The impact, although jarring to the crew down in the forward area, is not noticed by many of the passengers. Thirty-seven seconds have passed from sighting to collision.

The 'Lookout' Fredrick Fleet and Titanic's 'Crowsnest'

11.50 p.m.: Captain Smith asks designer Thomas Andrews and the ship's carpenter John Hall Hutchinson to conduct a visual inspection of the damage. They tell Captain Smith that water had poured in and risen 14 feet in the front part of the ship.

The Titanic hit by iceberg

April 15th:

12:00 a.m.: The captain is told the ship can only stay afloat for a couple of hours.
He gives order to the wireless operators to call for help over the radio.
(Click HERE for the Final Wireless Transmissions aboard the R.M.S. Titanic).
The boilers are shut down and relief pipes against the funnels blow off huge noisy clouds of steam.
The Titanic's estimated position: 41º 44' N, 50º 24' W.

Assistant Radio Operator Harold Bride
at the "Marconi Wireless" aboard the Titanic
(Actual and only known picture taken)


Morsecode "CQD Titanic 41.44 N  50.24 W":

-.-.   --.-   -..       -   ..   -   .-   -.   ..   -.-.       ....-   .----   .-.-.-   ....-   ....-   -.       .....   -----   .-.-.-   ..---   ....-   .--

12.05 a.m.: Orders are given to uncover the lifeboats and to get passengers and crew ready on deck. There is only room for half of the estimated 2,227 aboard in the lifeboats.

Passengers in lifeboat

12.15 a.m. - 2.17 a.m.: Numerous ships receive the Titanic's distress signal, including her sister ship the 'Olympic', some 500 miles away. Several ships, including 'Mount Temple' (49 miles away), 'Frankfort' (153 miles away), 'Birma' (70 miles), 'Baltic' (243 miles), 'Virginian' (170), and 'Carpathia' (58 miles) prepare at various times to come to assist.
12.17 a.m.: Third-Class passengers are informed to prepare for the sinking. Crew members bang on doors and shout to wake them up. Meanwhile, First-Class passengers are informed by a gentle knock on the door, and a soothing voice.
12.21 a.m.: Third-Class passengers evacuate their bunks, only to find out that they must wait until the First-Class passengers have finished boarding the lifeboats.
12.22 a.m.: Thomas Andrews arrives at the Boat-Deck and is amazed at the passengers' indifference. While the crew is readying the lifeboats, the passengers are inside drinking brandy or tea while the band plays ragtime.
12.25 a.m.: Captain Rostron of the 'Carpathia' orders a change of course. 'Carpathia's' wireless sends a message to the Titanic telling them they were on their way. The message was "Coming hard". The 'Carpathia', southeast of the Titanic immediately heads full speed to the rescue.
12.26 a.m.: Lifeboats are now loading with women and children first.
12.27 a.m.: Wireless operator Harold Bride informs Captain Smith that the 'Carpathia' is on it's way to the rescue.

Both Marconi Operators
John George Phillips and Harold Bride

12.35 a.m.: Fourth Officer Boxhall notices a light in the distance and assume it is a ship which may rescue them. He asks Captain Smith about lighting the rockets and Captain Smith agrees.
12.40 a.m.: Second Officer Lightoller asks the Captain if he should begin loading the lifeboats.

12.45 a.m.: The first lifeboat is safely lowered away. It can carry 65 people, but only leaves with 28. The first distress rocket is fired. Eight rockets are fired the whole night.

The Titanic firing distress rockets

1.15 a.m.: The tilt of the deck grows steeper. Lifeboats now begin to leave fully loaded.
1.40 a.m.: Most of the forward lifeboats have now gone. Passengers begin to move back to the stern area.
2:05 a.m.: The last lifeboat leaves. There are now over 1,500 people left on the ship. The tilt of Titanic's deck grows steeper and steeper.
2.17 a.m.: The last radio call is sent.
Captain Smith tells his crew "It's every man for himself".
The bow plunges under, many passengers and crew jump off the ship.
A funnel collapses, crushing several people.
Father Thomas Byles hears confession and gives absolution to over 100 Second and Third-Class passengers gathered at the aft end of the Boat-Deck.

Father Thomas Roussel Davids Byles

2.18 a.m.: The ship's lights blink once then go out. Several survivors see the ship break in two. The bow section sinks.
2.20 a.m.: The Titanic's broken off stern settles back into the water, becoming more level for a few moments. Slowly it fills with water and again tilts its end high into the air before sinking into the sea. People in the water slowly freeze to death.

The Titanic sinking

3.20 a.m.: The final cries of the drowning people in the water fade away.
3.30 a.m.: The rescue ship 'Carpathia's' rockets are sighted by survivors in the lifeboats.
4.10 a.m.: The first lifeboat is picked up by the 'Carpathia'.
8.50 a.m.: The 'Carpathia' leaves the area bound for New York. She carries 705 survivors.
J. Bruce Ismay wires the White Star Line - New York offices:
"Deeply regret advise you Titanic sank this morning after collision with iceberg, resulting in serious loss of life. Full particulars later."

The 'Carpathia'

April 18th:
9.00 p.m.: The 'Carpathia' arrives in New York with the 705 survivors.

'Carpathia's' captain Arthur Henry Rostron

April 17th - May 25th:
The 'Mackay-Bennett' and several other ships (the 'Minia',the 'Algerine' and the 'Montmagny') are sent to the disaster site to recover bodies. A total of 328 bodies are found floating in the area.

The 'Mackay-Bennett' leaving Halifax Harbour April 17th, 1912

April 19th - May 25th:
An inquiry into the Titanic disaster is conducted by the United States Senate, headed by Senator William A. Smith.

Senator William A. Smith

Eighty-two witnesses are called.

April 24th:
As the Titanic's sister ship the 'Olympic' is about to leave Southampton, her "black gang" (stokers) go out on strike. They will not work on a ship that does not carry enough lifeboats. In total 285 crewmembers desert ship, and the 'Olympic's' voyage is canceled.

April 30th:
The 'Mackay-Bennett' arrived in Halifax with recovered bodies. The crew off-loaded the bodies at HM Naval Dockyards, north coaling wharf number 4.

May 2nd - July 3rd:
The British Board of Trade Inquiry - headed by Lord Mersey - is conducted.

Lord Mersey

In total 25,622 questions are asked of 96 witnesses, including such expert witnesses as the inventor of the radio, Marconi, and the explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton regarding ice and icebergs. The only passenger witnesses are Sir Cosmo and Lady Duff Gordon and J. Bruce Ismay. Other witnesses include Captain Stanley Lord of the 'Californian' (the "Mystery Ship"), Second Officer Lightoller, who endures 1,600 questions alone, members of the crew, the ship's owners, and members of the British Board of Trade. The final judgement recommends "more watertight compartments in ocean-going ships, the provision of lifeboats for all on board, as well as a better lookout."

May 14th:
A one reel silent movie "Saved From the Titanic" is premiered. It starred Miss Dorothy Winifred Gibson - a First-Class passenger aboard the Titanic who survived the sinking in Lifeboat #7.

As a result of the Titanic disaster, the International Ice Patrol is created to guard the North Atlantic sea lanes.

In the midst of public ridicule and rumors, J. Bruce Ismay loses his position as chairman of the White Star Line by the International Mercantile Marine Company board of directors.

February 26th:
The 'Britannic', originally called the 'Gigantic', the last of three enormous vessels in the "Olympic Class" and Titanic's sister ship, was successfully launched. She had a gross tonnage at 48,158 tonnes. She was to begin her commercial life servicing the Southampton to New York route in the spring of 1915. However, she was requisitioned by the British Admiralty to be converted into a hospital ship in November 13th, 1915, because of the outbreak of World War I. She was officially ready for war service on December 12th, 1915 and was commisioned His Majesty's Hospital Ship 'Britannic'.

November 21st:
The 'Britannic', Titanic's sister ship, steaming through the Kea Channel in the Aegean Sea just after 8.00 a.m. was rocked by a tremendous explosion and quickly began to sink by the bow. She allegedly struck a mine at 8.12 a.m. on the starboard side finally foundering at 9.07 a.m. The 'Britannic' at 48,158 tons was the then the largest steamer in the world. Despite all the extra safety bulkheads and double skin she took less than an hour to founder.

At the age of 65, "The Unsinkable Molly Brown" died suddenly in New York City after a stroke.

Mrs. Margaret Tobin Brown
("The Unsinkable Molly Brown")

Due to loss of business to newer vessels, the 'Olympic' was sold, stripped and eventually scrapped. She left Southampton for Jarrow and the breakers yard, after 24 years of service. Paintings and interiors (such as panels) from the 'Olympic' were sold to various English pubs and estates where they can still be seen to this day.

A reclusive J. Bruce Ismay dies at the age of 74.

Walter Lord writes a non-fiction best seller, "A Night To Remember". Three years later a movie of the same title, based on the book, is made.

The film version of the Meredith Wilson's musical "The Unsinkable Molly Brown" is released starring Debbie Reynolds as the most famous Titanic heroine.

Clive Cussler's novel "Raise The Titanic" is made into a movie.

The First Grimm Expedition. U.S. entrepreneur and explorer Jack Grimm funds a scientific expedition which set out to locate the wreck of the Titanic. Dogged by bad weather and equipment malfunctions, the expedition fails to find the Titanic.

The Second Grimm Expedition. Jack Grimm unsuccessfully attempts to locate the Titanic on his second expedition.

The Third Grimm Expedition. The final expedition funded by Jack Grimm also fails to locate the Titanic.

September 1st:
The First IFREMER/Woods Hole Expedition. A joint French - American scientific expedition, led by Dr. Robert D. Ballard discovers the wreck of the Titanic at a depth of 12,500 feet. The video cameras aboard the search ship 'Argo' picked up one of the Titanic's huge boilers.

Dr. Robert D. Ballard

Final resting place of the Titanic:

  • Location: 1,000 miles due east of Boston, Massachusetts, and 375 miles southeast of St. John's, Newfoundland.
  • Depth: 12,500 feet.
  • Bow Section: 41°43'57" N, 49°56'49" W.
  • Stern Section: 41°43'35" N, 49°56'54" W.
  • Boilers: 41°43'32" N, 49°56'49" W.

41°44' North; 49°57' West

July 26th:
The Second IFREMER/Woods Hole Expedition. Dr. Robert Ballard returns to the Titanic and conducts extensive photographic exploration of the wreck. Towed submersible used to photograph much of the exterior. Manned dives with robot sub photograph significant sections of interior and exterior.
Dr. Ballard brought nothing up from the wreck and vowed not to interfere with it. As the wreck is explored, the Titanic story is reveled, and in some cases revised to suit new evidence.
The submersible "Alvin" makes its final dive to the Titanic. During this dive, two plaques are placed on the ship honoring those who died there. The Titanic is their monument more than 2 miles beneath the sea...

The Titanic's final resting place

The RMS TITANIC Inc. is formed by an international group of businessmen anxious to see the Titanic's remains preserved. In cooperation with the French National Institute for Research and Exploration of the Sea (IFREMER), TITANIC Inc. conducts research and recovery expeditions to the wreck site in 1987, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1998. Some 5,000 artifacts have been recovered, including a large piece of the hull (the "Big Piece"), and are being preserved.

The First IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition. This is the First IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. research and recovery expedition to the wreck site of the Titanic. Expeditions in 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1998 are to follow.

"Return to the Titanic...LIVE!" airs, hosted by the late Telly Savalas. During the program one of the safes recovered from the Titanic is opened. This same safe had been photographed by the Second IFREMER/Woods Hole Expedition in 1986, at that time it was discovered that the back had rusted out and the safe was empty. However, for the telecast, a fake back and a few artifacts had been hastily stuffed inside.!.!.!

The backers of the 1987 expedition (the First IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. research and recovery expedition), for some reason known only to themselves, present a theory about what they call the "real" reason the Titanic sank: a coal dust explosion. They sited the massive hole on the starboard side as "the hole that all the water came in". What they don't take into account, is the hundreds of survivors who saw the iceberg, and felt it hit the ship. Not to mention the hole they speak of is too far aft to have been caused by an explosion in the coal bunker they said the blast came from. Or, for that matter, the fact that the hole is so far above the waterline that it couldn't have sunk the ship. It was, in fact, caused by water being blown out of the sides of the ship as the decks compressed upon impact with the bottom.

Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding is taken over by the Norwegian company "Fred Olsen Energy".

June 30th - July 17th:

The Canadian/Russian Expedition. Canadian and Russian scientists collected numerous samples, specimens and sediment cores. Although many artifacts were seen they remained on the sea bottom.

The motion picture "Titanica" is released and contains the most spectacular underwater footage yet taken of the wreck. The filming requires high intensity but board lighting; the lights had to withstand pressures exceeding 6,000 pounds per square inch. Each illumination consisted of four lamps equivalent to about 150,000 watts of incandescent light, penetrating 50 to 75 feet through the sea bottom.

The Second IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition. On this expedition they made 15 dives in 15 days and recovered 800 artifacts to add to those already retrieved.

"The Wreck of the Titanic" - a major exhibition - opens at the National Maritime Museum, London, displaying artifacts recovered by RMS TITANIC Inc. between 1987 and 1993.

The Third IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition. Among the artifacts this expedition recovered from the Titanic's debris field was some of Titanic's coal.

P. P. Shirsov Institute & James Cameron conduct underwater filming for the fictional motion picture "Titanic" slated for release in late 1997.

April 15th:
A Titanic memorial plaque is placed by Eva Hart and Edith Brown Haisman in the grounds of the National Maritime Museum in London.

August 26th:

The Fourth IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition. They perform site mapping, artifact recovery, and photographic exploration of the interior and exterior of the Titanic. The expedition tries, but fails, to bring up an 11-ton piece of the hull.

April 23rd:

In the "Lunt Fontanne-Theatre" on 42nd Street, Broadway the musical "TITANIC" did have its gala opening.
By the yearly Tony-Awards the musical won all the awards it had been nominated for:
  • Best Musical
  • Best Music
  • Best Script
  • Best Orchestra
  • Best Backgrounds
In 1998 the Broadway cast was nominated for a Grammy-Award.
The musical "TITANIC" is totally different than the movie "TITANIC".
The movie "TITANIC" is mainly fictional and was based on the love story of two passengers Jack and Rose who met aboard the Titanic (performed by Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet).
The musical "TITANIC" is about the real and fateful story of the White Star liner Titanic and of those who sailed aboard her on the "Maiden Voyage". It tells the story of the captain (Edward John Smith), the owner - Managing Director of the White Star Line - (J.Bruce Ismay) and the designer (Thomas Andrews) of the Titanic. Remarkable is the scene that shows the lookouts (Fredrick Fleet and Reginald Robinson Lee) - without binoculars - in Titanic's crowsnest when the the ship is being hit by that "Fatal Iceberg".
All the caracters in the musical "TITANIC" actually were on the original Passenger List and Crew List.
The musical "TITANIC" has been written by the "Broadway-veterans" Peter Stone (script) and Maury Yeston (music and lyrics). They scored a total of 832 performances.!.!.!

December 19th:
The movie "Titanic", written and directed by James Cameron, begins its release around the world. Until today at over $200 million, "Titanic" is the most expensive motion picture ever made.

February 10th:

The movie "Titanic" earned a record 14 nominations in the 70th Annual Academy Awards. The movie got nominations in: Best Actress In A Leading Role; Best Actress In A Supporting Role; Best Art Direction; Best Cinematography; Best Costume Design; Best Directing; Best Film Editing; Best Makeup; Best Original Dramatic Score; Best Original Song; Best Picture; Best Sound; Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects.

April 6th:
A Swiss-U.S. partnership plans to build a $500 million, full-size replica of the Titanic - packing it full of celebrities and retracing it's maiden voyage on the tragedy's 90th anniversary, April 15th, 2002.

August 10th:
The Fifth IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition. George Tulloch leads this IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. expedition and succeeded in recovering a 20-ton piece of Titanic's hull (the "Big Piece"). It is successfully brought aboard the recovery vessel 'Abeille'.

A piece of Titanic's hull (the "Big Piece")
being recovered by the research vessel 'Abeille'

August 15th:
Another historic moment for the Titanic. The cable network "Discovery Channel" launches the broadcast "Titanic LIVE" (a two-hour live broadcast from the wreck site), which brings together over 100 scientists from around the world. They are the first, to televise a dive, live, to the ship's resting place 2.5 miles under the ocean's surface. They show how the Fifth IFREMER/RMS TITANIC Inc. Expedition managed to bring a 20-ton 6.5-by-4-metre piece of the hull back up to the surface. It is dubbed the "Big Piece" and will be used for research to find out exactly how fast the micro-organisms, that live at Titanic's depth, are eating the hull away, and, more importantly, how long she has to last. Despite much hype regarding live pictures from inside the wreck (of which one saw roughly 2 minutes of), the show consisted mostly of interviews with George Tulloch and the crew of Nautile. Hardly what one would call exciting.!.!.!

March 10th:

The construction of the largest and most luxurious passenger liner in the world - the 'Queen Mary II' - for a total amount of $700 million has been granted to the French shipbuilders "Chantiers d'Atlantique" in Saint-Nazaire. Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding's 1,750 employees are informed by the Board of Directors that the wharf might be closed as they missed out on this crucial order. The British Government is not prepared to grant sufficiant financial support to the wharf.
Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding has built since its foundation in 1861 over 1,700 ships and employed in the 1950's over 35,000 people. In case Harland and Wolff Shipbuilding will be closed this will mean a huge financial blow for the ill-fated economy in Northern Ireland.

July 20th - August 30th:
"The RMS TITANIC Expedition 2000", scheduled from July 20th through August 30th, 2000, is headed by G. Michael Harris, COO of RMS TITANIC Inc. and divers Ralph White and Graham Jessop, in association with Oceaneering International Inc. and their 'Magellan 725 ROV', as well as the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences, along with their vessel 'Akademyk Keldysh' and the submersibles 'Mir 1' and 'Mir 2'. Professor Anatoly Sagalevitch will be heading up the Russian delegation. There will be a team of twelve multinational scientists to continue the scientific research of the Titanic. This team has developed a state-of-the art ROV (remote operated vehicle), the size of a human hand, complete with fiber optic capabilities which will facilitate the recovery efforts.

On July 22nd, 2000 the 'Ocean Intervention' with aboard the 'Magellan 725 ROV' (a remotely operated vehicle), the Russian ship 'Akademyk Keldysh', the survey vessel 'Explorer' and the tow craft ‘Koresh’ and their crew actually have started the expedition.
The delay is caused by an extended stay at port in Norfolk due to repair work on the 'Magellan 725 ROV', that needed a part for pressurized conduit system.

"The RMS Titanic, Expedition 2000" has constituted the largest and most ambitious expedition ever to study the RMS Titanic.!.!.!"
(Quote by: James Sinclair, Chief archaeologist and conservator)

November 2nd:
Developers looking for the next big thing have floated the idea of building a mammoth replica of the Titanic. The replica will be used as a high-quality, four-star "Titanic themed-hotel" in San Francisco Bay.

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This website is dedicated to the eternal legacy of the RMS Titanic and to all of those who needlessly died one cold night in April, 1912...

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Send your to: john.vanderree@wanadoo.nl

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